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Antique Qashqai Khamseh rug, second half of 19th Century, Persia, 215 x 156

Lot reference 17697853

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Beautiful rug in excellent condition, very valuable, with certificate of authenticity

Material: Wool on wool
Manufacturing period: 1850-1899
Country: Iran
Condition: In very good condition

The very interesting iconography reveals the Caucasian origin of this people of South Iran. 19th Century rug, very finely knotted, with wool weft, very well preserved.
The distinctive motif of distant Caucasian origin is not just a stylistic reminiscence but is deeply embedded in the culture of the knotting artisan; this is confirmed by the structure of the rug, with warp and weft in wool. Even today rugs made in South Iran are knotted using ancestral motifs and the research in the original iconography will in due time bring back the fine motifs of bygone days; with regards to this century-old Qashqai rug, its pattern is still the fruit of tribal tradition issued directly from the ancestral memories of the Ushta.
Category: PERSIAN RUGS. The Qashqai confederation, once very powerful, is a collection of numerous nomadic clans, mainly of ancient Turk origin, descended from the Turkish people Ghaz (or Oghuz) and Khalaj, who came from Central Asia and from the 10th Century A.D. AD, reached the centre of Persia.
The exact origin of the Qashqai is to this day a debatable question; some consider them to be people of Mongolian origin who penetrated into Persia with the invading hordes, while others believe that they reached Fars after dwelling for a long period in the Azerbaijan region.
What is certain is that their culture and language highlight their Turkish-Mongolian origin, and that their presence in Fars has been documented by historical sources since the 17th Century.
The Qashqai possess an ancient weaving tradition; the skill of their women weavers is noted by sources as early as the 10th Century as it is still the case today.
The production of rugs, an activity carried out in the winter months, is plentiful and widespread both as a domestic chore and as a source of income.
The best wools are reserved for the rug knotting; they are produced by the springtime shearing and sometimes yarns from goats (or, more rarely, camels) are also added.
Usually the warp is in coarse wool, while the weft (normally double) is in wool dyed red or, less frequently, blue. The type of knot used most frequently is the asymmetric one open on the left on a markedly depressed warp. The symmetric knot is rarely used for the full knotting, instead it is frequently seen on the sides of the rugs to reinforce the hem, which is of the round type, made of a cord of 8-10 normal warps wrapped by a yarn of two colours decorated by multicoloured bows.
Plant dyes were used up until the mid 19th Century; fiery red is the Qashqai's favourite colour, often blended with pomegranate peel to create darker hues.
Another colour favoured by the weavers is yellow, which can be obtained with pomegranate as well as with Visparak (called 'kavoshk' by the Qashqai) and with local herbs.
Small size rugs are frequent; those of better quality, on the other hand, are the kalleghi.
The decorative patterns often include traditional Persian motifs such as herati or boteh, interpreted in a geometrical and stylised key.
The main characteristic of Qashqai rugs is however the so-called 'Qashqai emblem', a motif deriving from the superimposition of ancient tribal decorative patterns, with stylised water vessels (hooz) and birds with the floral (dwarf palm) elements typical of urban carpets, probably transmitted to the nomads by the workshops of Shiraz that emerged in the Zand era between 1759 and 1794.
The result is a diamond-shaped medallion embellished with four twisted hooks that features only in the middle of the field, or is repeated in vertical sequences, on backgrounds decorated by a multitude of tiny irregular geometrical items: rosettes, diamonds, small Memling Gul and stylised figurines. Another recurring typical decorative motif of Qashqai rugs is the lion or shir, whose presence is linked to the strong sense of tribal identity of the clan; the lion is by definition the symbol of the Persian royalty which was loyally supported by the nomads in the past centuries.
Finally it is worth mentioning the rugs with the distinctive prayer decoration, with the mihrab symbol densely embellished by tiny motifs of small animals, multicoloured roses, toothed leaves, diamonds and lozenges of various dimensions.
The curved shape of the mihrab, the presence of conical trees at the sides and the choice of colours immediately call to mind the Indian Mongol rugs called 'Mille Fleurs', which were probably at the origin of the pattern. More recurring features in the production of Qashqai are other traditional motifs, such as the moharramat with thin vertical stripes, the tree of life (chenar), the French style rosettes called Gul-e-Surkh, and the brazier roses.
The Qashqai people are also manufacturers of a large variety of brightly coloured kilim and bags, often of significant size.

It Achille  

Reviews given: 4
Member since: November 13, 2017
  • Please note: some elements on this page have been translated automatically.
    salve come e'' possibile questo ritardo nella consegna ??
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    lambertocantelmi2 March 8, 2018

    Response by seller
    Please note: some elements on this page have been translated automatically.
    il ritardo nella consegna è conforme al ritardo nel pagamento da te effettuato, se paghi nei tempi corretti io spedisco immediatamente.
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