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Pre-Columbian Stone Taino Zemi Grandes Antilles - 10 cm x 2,5 cm x 4,8 cm - 100 gr

Lot reference 19090381
Pre-Columbian Stone Taino Zemi Grandes Antilles - 10 cm x 2,5 cm x 4,8 cm - 100 gr

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Current bid $224
Next minimum bid $236
Location: France
Auction fee: 9% of the winning bid
Shipping to United States: $59.18
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$224 Bidder 9121
13-06-2018 09:19:05
$213 Bidder 1969
13-06-2018 09:19:05
$201 Bidder 9121
13-06-2018 09:18:52
$189 Bidder 1969
13-06-2018 09:18:52
$177 Bidder 9121
13-06-2018 09:14:10
$165 Bidder 1969
13-06-2018 09:14:10
$153 Bidder 9121
13-06-2018 09:13:37

1200 AD 1500 AD - Middle America and Caribbean

Region/ country: Middle America and Caribbean
Material: Stone
Condition: Good Condition, See Photo
Century/ Timeframe: 1200 AD 1500 AD
Culture: Pre-Columbian
Object: Taino Zemi Grandes Antilles

Taino - Greater Antilles - Anthropozoomorphic -
Representing a zemi being transformed. The character with a human body is lying on its back, the ritual position taken by shamans during the Cohoba rite.
The head is that of a bird with a long and powerful beak. Hollow eyes, open nostrils
The vertebral column revolves around 5 large vertebrae.
2 tapered holes are drilled at the level of the neck on each side of the large ears

Taino Culture - Dominican Republic, 1200-1500 AD
Hard stone, nice patina
10 cm x 2.5 cm x 4.8 cm - 100 g
The Taino were an ethnic group of the Arawak peoples, who were the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean and Florida. At the time of contact with Europeans at the end of the 15th century, the Taino were the principal inhabitants of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti) and Puerto Rico. They spoke a distinct language, the Taino language. Among the Taino of the Caribbean, a zemi was a deity or an ancestral spirit; In addition, the term also includes the sculpture which houses the spirit. The Taino religion, as it has been recorded by the Spaniards at the end of the 15th and 16th centuries, was focused on a supreme creator god and a fertility goddess. The creator god was known under the name of Yúcahu Maórocoti, responsible for the growth of the base nutrient, manioc. The goddess was Attabeira, who regulated and dominated water, rivers and seas. The lower gods who ruled over the other forces of nature were also zemis. The spirits of the ancestors were also considered as zemis and were honoured, in particular those of the chiefs or leaders. Bones or skulls were often incorporated into sculptures of zemis. Zemis would also be consulted for guidance and healing. At these ceremonies of consultation, the zemi images could be painted or tattooed on the bodies of the priests. Zemis were usually carved from a wide variety of materials, including bones, clay, wood, shell, sandstone and other types of stone. They were found in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and other islands of the Caribbean. Some are quite large, up to 1 m in height. Some might be effigies of birds, snakes, alligators and other animals, but especially human effigies. We believe that the Taino people hid their ceremonial objects in caves, to keep them away from the Spaniards, or destroyed them to prevent them from falling into the hands of the Spaniards.
Taino communities were the first people that Columbus met during his exploration of Hispaniola in 1492. The traditional pre-Columbian research concentrated on continental societies, like the Incas, the Aztecs and the Mayans, but since the 1950s, Taino culture became more and more sophisticated, deserving more detailed studies. Politically, the Taino were divided into distinct communities led by chiefs (caciques) whose power had increased significantly at the time of the arrival of the Spanish. Religiously, the Taino were polytheists and worshipped a pantheon of gods that were supposed to control the natural elements. The cult of the ancestors was also important and the deification of deceased leaders reinforced the political authority of their successors. An elaborate ritual system was developed to honour and appease the deities (zemis) and this probably provides the context for this object.



REFERENCES
- Taino "peuple d'amour" (Thierry Cruckert Bernard Michaut France)
- Taino "art of the gods" (Larry Roberts USA)
- Art Taino (Jacques Kerchache France)
- Joyaux de l'Art Taino (République Dominicaine)
- The Tainos Rise and Decline of the people who greeted Colombus (Irving Rouse)
- Arts and Archeology of Precolumbian Cuba (Ramon D Moure and Manuel Rivero de la Calle)
- The Barakat Collection

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Feedback score: 99.5
Reviews given: 183
Member since: October 11, 2016
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    DERJOHAN December 14, 2018

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    Rospars December 13, 2018

  • Pequeña aunque bonita figura. Buen envío y buena comunicación con el vendedor. Best seller!!

    kiti14 December 12, 2018

  • molto bene

    user-d27e4d3 December 11, 2018

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    Rospars December 4, 2018

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    Gli oggetti sono arrivati bene imballati e perfettamente integri. Corrispondono esattamente alla descrizione data. Grazie
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    user-95eefc9 December 1, 2018

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    Rospars November 29, 2018

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    user-e1a3469 November 17, 2018

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    Rospars November 17, 2018

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    È un bell’oggetto, molto ben conservato e pregno di fascino
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    user-95eefc9 November 8, 2018

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    Tutto arrivato in perfette condizioni .Venditore affidabile .
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    Officina2001 November 6, 2018

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    13359 November 5, 2018

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    christiandelbarre November 5, 2018

    Response by seller
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    bonjour, je pense avoir fait de mon mieux pour emballer l'aquarelle. Celle-ci est elle déchirée ? si oui vous me la retournez et je vous rembourse.

    cordialement
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    parfait, merci pour tout.
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    Rospars November 5, 2018

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    Rospars November 2, 2018

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    Parfait, à recommander.
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    gurdill November 1, 2018

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    Sehr schön. Danke
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    uluru October 27, 2018

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    Bien emballé. Envoi rapide. Aussi joli que sur la photo
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    sgelez October 25, 2018

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    “Parfait. Je recommande !”
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    gurdill October 22, 2018

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    Great seller
    Beautiful stones
    Thanks
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    user-b7efedb October 20, 2018

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    Bien emballé. Colis envoyé très rapidement. Objets conformes à la description
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    sgelez October 19, 2018

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    Rospars October 19, 2018

  • Fast shipping. Items as photos. Very good seller!

    kiti14 October 16, 2018

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    Il venditore è estremamente corretto e veloce nelle spedizioni. Oggetto come mostrato in foto. Molto bello.
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    user-ef03f60 October 10, 2018

    Response by seller
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    Sir, i don't understand what you want to tell me … maybe experts of catawiki did not understand you too … for me it is not a matter and i will be happy to refund you money back 70€ + 20€ + 20€ shipping to France. let me know your paypal address. I think you have to read some books i gave titles. Sincerely, michel
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