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Pre-Columbian Stone Taino Crâne Zemi Grandes Antilles - 8 cm x 6 cm x 3,3 cm - 235 gr

Lot reference 19091635
Pre-Columbian Stone Taino Crâne Zemi Grandes Antilles - 8 cm x 6 cm x 3,3 cm - 235 gr

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Current bid $184
Next minimum bid $196
Location: France
Auction fee: 9% of the winning bid
Shipping to United States: $59.18
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$184 Bidder 9171
17-06-2018 20:07:07
$172 Bidder 2676
17-06-2018 20:02:35
$160 Bidder 9171
17-06-2018 20:02:21
$137 Bidder 2676
17-06-2018 20:01:43
$125 Bidder 9171
17-06-2018 20:01:30
$118 Bidder 2676
17-06-2018 20:01:30
$112 Bidder 9171
17-06-2018 20:01:03

1200 AD 1500 AD - Middle America and Caribbean

Culture: Pre-Columbian
Material: Stone
Object: Taino Crâne Zemi Grandes Antilles
Dimensions (in cm): 8 cm x 6 cm x 3,3 cm - 235 gr
Century/ Timeframe: 1200 AD 1500 AD
Origin: Middle America and Caribbean
Condition: Good Condition, See Photo

Taino - Greater Antilles - Anthropozoomorphic -
Representing a human face.
The top of the head is adorned with jewels represented by cosmological glyphs. The orbits are round and hollow. The nose is flat and the oval mouth is wide open. This is caused by the absorption of hallucinogens during the ceremony of the cohoba.
What is strange in this object: the arm of the shaman come out of the skull, they form the cheeks and come together under the mouth.



Taino Culture - Dominican Republic, 1200-1500 AD
Stone (marble) of greyish colour, pretty patina

The Taino were an ethnic group of the Arawak peoples, who were the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean and Florida. At the time of contact with Europeans at the end of the 15th century, the Taino were the principal inhabitants of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti) and Puerto Rico. They spoke a distinct language, the Taino language. Among the Taino of the Caribbean, a zemi was a deity or an ancestral spirit; In addition, the term also includes the sculpture which houses the spirit. The Taino religion, as it has been recorded by the Spaniards at the end of the 15th and 16th centuries, was focused on a supreme creator god and a fertility goddess. The creator god was known under the name of Yúcahu Maórocoti, responsible for the growth of the base nutrient, manioc. The goddess was Attabeira, who regulated and dominated water, rivers and seas. The lower gods who ruled over the other forces of nature were also zemis. The spirits of the ancestors were also considered as zemis and were honoured, in particular those of the chiefs or leaders. Bones or skulls were often incorporated into sculptures of zemis. Zemis would also be consulted for guidance and healing. At these ceremonies of consultation, the zemi images could be painted or tattooed on the bodies of the priests. Zemis were usually carved from a wide variety of materials, including bones, clay, wood, shell, sandstone and other types of stone. They were found in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and other islands of the Caribbean. Some are quite large, up to 1 m in height. Some might be effigies of birds, snakes, alligators and other animals, but especially human effigies. We believe that the Taino people hid their ceremonial objects in caves, to keep them away from the Spaniards, or destroyed them to prevent them from falling into the hands of the Spaniards.
Taino communities were the first people that Columbus met during his exploration of Hispaniola in 1492. The traditional pre-Columbian research concentrated on continental societies, like the Incas, the Aztecs and the Mayans, but since the 1950s, Taino culture became more and more sophisticated, deserving more detailed studies. Politically, the Taino were divided into distinct communities led by chiefs (caciques) whose power had increased significantly at the time of the arrival of the Spanish. Religiously, the Taino were polytheists and worshipped a pantheon of gods that were supposed to control the natural elements. The cult of the ancestors was also important and the deification of deceased leaders reinforced the political authority of their successors. An elaborate ritual system was developed to honour and appease the deities (zemis) and this probably provides the context for this object.



REFERENCES
- Taino "peuple d'amour" (Thierry Cruckert Bernard Michaut France)
- Taino "art of the gods" (Larry Roberts USA)
- Art Taino (Jacques Kerchache France)
- Joyaux de l'Art Taino (République Dominicaine)
- The Tainos Rise and Decline of the people who greeted Colombus (Irving Rouse)
- Arts and Archeology of Precolumbian Cuba (Ramon D Moure and Manuel Rivero de la Calle)
- The Barakat Collection

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    christopheGUY August 4, 2018

  • très belle pièce qui entre dans ma collection

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    Rospars June 25, 2018

  • Great piece and excellent transaction.

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    Eccellente venditore e oggetto magnifico. grazie mille!
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    bien reçu les deux objets en question.
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    Rospars June 15, 2018

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    user-d1f790d June 11, 2018

  • Perfect transaction

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    Shipper very correct, he offers very important pieces for sale, item well packed and quickly received.
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    ESKILO May 12, 2018

  • superbe peinture

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    objet superbe et tres tres bien emballé un grand merci cordialement jean michel
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    THERINGGOWILLY4 February 7, 2018

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