Circa 1920, Luneville, France
It is signed under the side: Muller Frères Lunéville
Approx. height : 6 cm
Diameter of the opening : approx. 20 cm
The Muller family, originally from Kalhausen (Moselle), moved to Luneville in 1870. Three of the brothers, Henri, Désiré and Eugène Muller, were recruited by Émile Gallé as an assistant or as glass engravers-decorators.
Henri Muller left Émile Gallé in 1897 taking many secrets with him. He started his own glass decoration workshop in Luneville where he was joined by his other brothers, sister and father. Its production was in direct competition with Gallé. Émile Gallé kept a persistent grudge against the Mullers. Some years before his death, he wrote (1904): “The wretch who leads the group must have taken masses of notes from my books as well as recipes, which were under lock and key.”
At the time, the glass was blown at Croismare, in the Hinzelin glassworks, then decorated in Luneville. A second glass factory was established in Luneville in 1910. The two factories specialised in art glass. Numerous pieces came from there, of good technical quality and very similar to those produced in the Gallé factory in Nancy : typically Art Nouveau vases, lamps and ornaments.
Production was mostly made of multilayer glass, cut at the wheel or acid-etched with naturalist depictions. The nicest pieces had a flame-polished finish in order to give them a lovely brilliance.
The Muller company prospered and the factory employed up to 300 people. Production later evolved towards the Art Deco style. In the 1920s, Muller created numerous ceiling lamps made of marbled glass (glass in several colours, with the pigments incorporated) or pieces made of moulded glass, the frames were brass, bronze or wrought iron.
As a result of the great depression, the factory closed in 1936.
|Member since:||March 8, 2016|
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