|Object:||Painting, Portrait (More lots)|
|Designer/ Artist:||Coffin Portrait of a Polish Noble man with the Odrowąż coat of arms|
|Estimated Period:||Second half 17th century|
|Country of Origin:||Poland|
|Condition:||Good condition - used with small signs of aging & blemishes|
Unique on the Polish antiquarian market. A portrait of the coffin magnate of the Odrowąż coat of arms. It depicts a Polish nobleman in a costume typical of the late 17th century. The coat of arms and initials identified the family name, surname and title of the deceased's function. On the order of relatives, he was fasted on a cataphor for the time of funeral ceremonies and then placed usually in an epitaph on the wall of the church or the court chapel. Over time, he became a constituent of the ancestral gallery of ancestors. This tradition, closely related to the Polish Sarmatian culture of the 1st Polish Republic, not found outside the Polish cultural area, was characteristic of the funeral rites of the higher social classes - nobility, magnates and wealthy burghers, from the 16th to the 19th century, up to the fall of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth . The portrait is made of an oil technique on a copper sheet, with a sheet size of 31 x 35 cm, with signs of spikes. The end of the 17th century,/new frame/
It became a tradition to decorate coffins of deceased nobles (szlachta) with such funerary art in the times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, particularly in the 17th and 18th centuries, the time of the baroque in Poland and Sarmatism.
They were commonly painted on sheet metal (copper, tin or lead plates) and fixed on the narrow ends of the coffins at the side where the head of the deceased lay. On the opposite of the coffin there was usually an epitaph, and the sides held a coat of arms. The shape of the upper edges of the portraits was based on the shape of the coffin, and the lower edges were often used to turn the whole into a hexagon or octagon. After the funeral, the coffin portrait would often be hung on the walls of the church that the deceased had contributed to. In time, they increased in size – from 40 x 45 cm in the 17th century, to 70 x 72 cm in the 18th century.
Note: see wikipedia Coffin portrait
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