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Germany - Document

Lot reference 30847841
Germany - Document

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Original - Excellent condition

Type: Document (More lots)
Country of Origin: Germany
Original/ Replica: Original
Condition: Excellent condition
Comes with certificate of authenticity: No

Rare letter from Julius Streicher to Philipp Bouhler on Streicher's personal letterhead, Nuremberg, Dec. 22, 1936. Bouhler supervised Hitler's euthanasia program which ordered the “mercy killings” of thousands of retarded, deformed and mentally ill Germans. Streicher extends warm holiday greetings to Bouhler and wishes him the best for the coming new year.

More information on Bouhler from Wikipedia:

War crimes

Bouhler was responsible for the killing of disabled German citizens. By order of Hitler (backdated to 1 September 1939), Bouhler with Karl Brandt developed the Nazis' early euthanasia program, Aktion T4 in which mentally ill and physically disabled people were killed.[7][8] The actual implementation was supervised by Bouhler. Various methods of killing were tried out. The first killing facility was Schloss Hartheim in Upper Austria. The knowledge gained from the euthanasia program was later applied to the industrialized annihilation of other groups of people, such as Jewish people.[9]

In 1941 Bouhler and Heinrich Himmler initiated Aktion 14f13. Bouhler instructed the head of the Hauptamt II ("main office ll") of Hitler's Chancellery, the Oberdienstleiter Viktor Brack to implement this order. Brack was already in charge of the various front operations of T4.

The scheme operated under the Concentration Camps Inspector and the Reichsführer-SS under the name "Sonderbehandlung 14f13". The combination of numbers and letters was derived from the SS record-keeping system and consists of the number "14" for the Concentration Camps Inspector, the letter "f" for the German word "deaths" (Todesfälle) and the number "13" for the means of killing, in this case, for gassing in the T4 killing centers.[note 1] "Sonderbehandlung" ("special action" – literally "special handling") was the euphemistic term for execution or killing.

In 1942, Bouhler published the book "Napoleon – Kometenbahn eines Genies" (Napoleon – A Genius's Cometary Path), which became a favorite of Hitler's. He had also published a National Socialist publication Kampf um Deutschland (Fight for Germany) in 1938.

Capture and death
Bouhler and his wife, Helene, were arrested by American troops at Schloss Fischhorn in Bruck near Zell-am-See on 10 May 1945. Thereafter, both committed suicide. His wife, Helene, jumped to her death from a window at Schloss Fischhorn. On 19 May 1945, Bouhler committed suicide using a cyanide capsule while in the US internment camp at Zell-am-See. The couple had no children.[10]

The objects comprising this lot are meant exclusively for collectors of military-historical objects. The owner of this website does not have any political and/or other motives than providing a platform that allows third parties to buy or sell auction lots, and assumes no responsibility for their contents.

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